Honesty: A fundamental moral virtue

30 Nov, 2018 - 00:11 0 Views

The ManicaPost

HONESTY is one of the greatest of all moral virtues. From it springs many of the noblest of human qualities like integrity, chastity, and valour. Some people might suppose that honesty is restricted to words. This is not the case. Honesty can manifest itself in our actions as well as in our innermost state of being.

The great scholar and ethical thinker, al-Muhâsibî, once said,“For honesty to be complete, it must exist in three things. It must exist in the heart as one’s faith, it must exist in the intentions behind one’s deeds, and it must be present in the words that one speaks”.

Honesty in word and deed

Honesty penetrates to the innermost fibre of a person when his inner being is in harmony with his outer self. A person’s deeds are honest only when he practices what he professes. Dishonesty in deed is more despicable than dishonesty in word, for it is only but a hypocritical display of sincerity. This is what the brothers of Joseph did when they came with Joseph’s bloodied clothing to their father. Allah says in the Holy Qur‘aan, “So they came with his shirt stained with false blood.” (Ch 12: V18).

Allah warns us saying, “O you who believe, why do you say what you do not do? It is loathsome indeed with Allah that you say what you do not do.” (Ch 61: V 3). Truth in word is the most familiar and obvious kind of truth, since every statement that is inconsistent with reality is obviously a lie. Allah says, “Verily those who fabricate a lie against Allah will not find success.” (Ch 16: v 116).

Allah commands the believers, saying, “O you who believe, fear Allah and be among those who are honest.” (Ch 9: v 119). Allah gives glad tidings to the believers who are honest. He says, “Allah will reward the honest people for their honesty.”

In the Holy Qur’aan, Allah informs us that our honesty will bring us good even in this world, “And when a matter is resolved upon, it would be best for them if they were true to Allah.” (Ch 47: v 21) And of course, honesty will be of doubtless benefit to us in the Hereafter. Allah says,“This is the day that the honest people will benefit from their honesty.” (Ch 5: V 119)

Honesty with our Creator

We must be honest in our relationship with our Creator, Allah. There are many dimensions to this most important expression of honesty. There is our sincerity to Allah in terms of our belief — where we acknowledge and accept that He is The Supreme Sovereign and the one and only deserving to be worshipped. Then there is being cognisant that Allah is ever watchful of what we do. There is the sense of humility and shame that we must feel before Him. If we truly want to be honest in our relationship with Allah, we must become so fully sincere to Him that there remains in our hearts no other motive for what we do but to seek His pleasure. We must care nothing for the thanks and appreciation of our fellow men. We can achieve this by making our greatest concern the attainment of Allah’s mercy. We must be constantly aware that Allah is ever watchful over us. This will make us feel too shy to ever willingly disobey Allah.

Honesty with fellow humans

Honesty with other people is also extremely important. There are many aspects to this as well. First, we must be honest in our dispensation towards others. We should not behave deceptively and present a false face to people. Instead, we must be genuine and straightforward with people as much as possible.

We must be honest in what we say. This requires from us to be careful to ascertain the truth of the news that we hear before we go ahead and pass it on to others. The Prophet said, “It is enough to make a person a liar that he tells others everything that he hears.”

We must be honest in giving advice to people. We should be sincere in our advice and truly do our best to help people avoid misfortune and attain what is good for them.

We need to be even more honest with our spouses. We must be able to confide in them and speak freely to them about our concerns, our secrets, and our ambitions. A husband or wife is a life partner, a friend, a confidant. The more openly a husband and wife are able to communicate with each other in an atmosphere of trust and confidence, the stronger their relationship will be.

Prophetic practice and teachings

The Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) was renowned for his honesty long before he began to receive revelation and became Allah’s messenger. He had been known among his people for years as Al-Ameen (The Trustworthy). The Prophet informed us of the effects that both honesty and dishonesty have on our personalities when he said, “Honesty brings about security and lying fosters doubts.”

The Prophet also said, “Honesty leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Paradise. A man remains honest and concerned about honesty until he is recorded as an honest man with Allah.

Lying leads to sinfulness and sinfulness leads to the Fire. A man keeps lying and remains partial to lies until he is recorded as a liar with Allah.”

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